Grey. Our outcomes indicate that alpha-synuclein will not easily traverse any biological lipid membrane, but that there probably are needed proteins that regulate the transport, possibly with some extent of specificity. This is very good news for long term attempts to build up treatments that prevent transport of synuclein across membranes, as proteins provide better drug targets than perform lipid membrane constituents, concludes Dr. Grey.. Their email address details are published in the current issue of the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease. The researchers generated GUVs containing handful of a lipid-conjugated reddish emitting dye and varied the membrane charge by using different molecular ratios of phosphatidyl choline , a common phospholipid in individual cell membranes with a neutral charge, with the negatively charged lipids phosphatidyl serine , a major element of the plasma membrane in individual cells, or cardiolipin , loaded in mitochondrial membranes.The patented bone fix technology originated by a team of AMBER Researchers within the Cells Engineering Research Group in the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland led by Professor Fergal O'Brien, Deputy Director of AMBER. It consists of collagen and hydroxyapatite, components native to bone, formed right into a 3D porous 'scaffold' which functions as a bone graft alternative. Speaking at the function, Damien English T.D., Minister for Skills, Research and Innovation said, ‘It has been an extremely successful first year for AMBER, this thrilling technology is another example that presents that Irish research is at the industry leading of material science worldwide.