There exists a great deal about staph colonization we don’t know, Dr. Kuehnert said. Interestingly, carriage of specific strains do seem to vary by sociodemographics, especially age and race. We need to find out more in order to allow design of new, far better interventions, he added, including vaccines or antimicrobial treatment. Data from subsequent study years may determine whether there are ongoing tendencies in colonization.This meant there was not a typical, predictable response from trial to trial. Hence, in the individuals with autism, there was significant intra-individual variability, with responses varying from strong to weak. Non-autistic adults had constant and replicable responses from trial to trial. This suggests that there can be something very fundamental that is altered in the cortical responses in individual’s with autism, said co-writer Marlene Behrmann, professor of psychology at CMU and a respected expert on using mind imaging to comprehend autism. And, what I believe is indeed powerful is that we sampled visible, auditory and somatosensory senses. We were unbelievably comprehensive and attacked every sensory modality and demonstrated the same pattern of unreliability across all three senses.